Moortown Golf Club

MacKenzie built the legendary hole Gibraltar which paved the way for the other 17.


Moortown Golf Club

West Yorkshire, LS17 7DB, England


Moortown was inspired by what a nongolfer witnessed at Ganton Golf Club.

Moortown Golf Club is a former Ryder Cup Venue. You can see an 80% sized replica of the Ryder Cup in the clubhouse.

The original Union Jack from the presentation table is framed and on display in the clubhouse. Great Britain won The Ryder Cup 7 - 5.

In a photo at the entrance to the club, the Vice President of the club is named Dr. A. McKenzie rather than the usual MacKenzie.

If you look in the men's locker room, you'll find lockers for Dr. A MacKenzie, W C Hagen, and G Duncan.

The original 17th was once considered the best artificially constructed golf hole in the Kingdom at the time. The original par 4 17th was the template used for the 11th at Alwoodley Golf Club next door. The par 3 11th at Alwoodley still exists but the original 17th at Moortown doesn't...

Course Review
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Golf Course Review

Moortown Golf Club is an 18-hole, Alister MacKenzie-designed golf course in Alwoodley, near Leeds, Yorkshire, England.

Which Came First, Alwoodley or Moortown Golf Club?

There is a friendly rivalry between the two clubs as to which was Alister MacKenzie’s first design. There is nuance but the good doctor himself wrote in The Fairway Magazine in 1929: “Moortown is one of five courses adjoining each other. The best of these is the first one I made, namely, Alwoodley.” Harry Colt had some influence at Alwoodley. Perhaps we could say that whilst Alwoodley Golf Club was his original design, Moortown Golf Club was Alister MacKenzie’s first solo design.

Moortown Golf Club History

The genesis of Moortown Golf Club was the brainchild of a non-golfer by the name of Fred Lawson-Brown. Patric Dickinson writes that while on holiday in Bridlington in 1903, Mr. Lawson-Brown took a trip to Ganton and was so inspired by its beauty he decided Leeds needed a golf course just as stunning. After 5 years of searching, the current site was chosen in 1908.

The course was laid on Blackmoor and required significant effort to make it suitable for golf. The entire moor needed to be drained as it was a ‘boggy hillside full of stagnant pools.’ The 175-acre site could now be called a mixture of woodland and moorland.

It was said that Moortown’s greens were the first inland to be designed and built in the fashion of rolling links greens. The full course was open for play on September 24, 1910, with an exhibition match between James Braid and Harry Vardon.

Moortown Golf Club & Alister MacKenzie

Dr. Alister MacKenzie was next door laying out Alwoodley and built a single hole to demonstrate his skills to both the founders and potential members of the golf club. That hole would become the now-famous 10th named Gibraltar. Thereafter, he was commissioned to build the full course as his first solo design.

How Much Alister MacKenzie is at Moortown?

The major changes have been:

  • The addition of the 6th and 7th holes. Creating a slightly longer walk to the 8th tee from the 7th green.
  • The back tees on 9 are a forced fit for length.
  • The loss of the 170-yard par 3 12th, known as Moor Top. It would have broken up the up and back routing of the current 11th, 12th, and 13th which would have been an improvement.
  • The loss of the short par 4 17th. The only comparable par 4 is the 11th at 365 yards. There are a number of long par 4’s but no true risk and reward half par holes of the two-shot variety.

In essence, 2 holes have been added (6th and 7th), 2 holes combined (original 13 & 14 or current 14th), and one hole lost (original 12th). The majority of these changes have been ascribed to Mr. Donald Steel.

Despite the changes, there is a lot of Alister MacKenzie routing remaining, with major changes around the bunkering.

  • Hole 1 – Original
  • Hole 2 – Original
  • Hole 3 – Original
  • Hole 4 – Original
  • Hole 5 – Original
  • Hole 6 – Not Original Alister MacKenzie – New Hole
  • Hole 7 – Not Original Alister MacKenzie – New Hole
  • Hole 8 – Original (Former 6th Hole)
  • Hole 9 – Original (Former 6th Hole now with back tees added)
  • Hole 10 – Original (Former 8th Hole)
  • Hole 11 – Original (Former 9th Hole)
  • Hole 12 – Original (Former 10th Hole)
  • Hole 13 – Original (Former 11th Hole)
  • Hole 14 – Partially Original (Combined former 13th & 14th – Green Complex Original)
  • Hole 15 – Unknown (Green appears to have been moved.)
  • Hole 16 – Original
  • Hole 17 – Partially Original (Was a 345-yard par 4, now 187-yard par 3)
  • Hole 18 – Original

You can sense the change after 5. The walk from the 7th green to the 8th tee is slightly awkward. In the original routing, you would have walked off the 5th green and directly onto the 6th tee (now the 8th).

Moortown’s One-Shot Holes

It was reported that Alister MacKenzie made all of the greens and green surrounds at the same time and the highlight of the golf course was the one-shot holes. Five in total, it was said the worst of the lot would make the reputation of most inland golf courses. There are now only four par 3’s on the course after the 14th was combined with the 13th to create a single hole.

Alister MacKenzie patterned the following holes after their originals:

  • Original 4th/ Current 4th – 6th at Walton Heath
  • Original 6th / Current 8th
  • Original 8th/ Current 10th – Gibraltar
  • Original 12th/ Lost – No Longer Exists – 7th at Stoke Park
  • Original 14th/ Current 14th Approach – (Eden) Old Course St Andrews


The prototype was none other than a one-shot hole that features a multi-tiered green named Gibraltar. Earning its namesake, it is built on a large rock which creates the base and forms the shape of the green. This was the show stopper used to convince the members that a Doctor could build a golf course… not convinced by Alwoodley next door or giving too much kudos to Harry Colt, Alister MacKenzie made good on his opportunity and the rest is history.

Moortown Synopsis

The golf course itself is a complete set of 18 without a weak link where width is a key golf architecture feature.

Whilst most attribute the design as a whole to Alister MacKenzie, it was his younger brother, Charles, who would lead the course through its final development from 1928 to 1933. Between final construction and the 1929 Ryder Cup, the club had made some suspect changes which were later restored by Alister MacKenzie before the tournament.

In the near past, Ken Moodie has been responsible for getting the club back to its MacKenzie roots with recent work at the club. Since then, Clyde Johnson has been hired to carry the club forward with even more extensive restoration.

Clyde Johnson & Moortown

Clyde Johnson is making a name for himself and upon the good work the club did under the oversight of Mr. Moodie. The legacy Ken left was one of tree removal and clearance which has paved the way for Clyde to have a relatively clean palette. The 5th hole is now a stunning dogleg that is arguably one of the best on the course… the other being MacKenzie’s genius – Gibraltar.

Moortown Golf Club & The Ryder Cup

Moortown Golf club played host to the first European Ryder Cup in 1929. The British side had well-known names such as Abe Mitchell, Percy Alliss (Father of Peter Alliss), Henry Cotton, and George Duncan. The US team had Gene Sarazen, Walter Hagan, and 2x Masters Champion, Horton Smith.

Moortown Golf Club Reviews

Read Neil Crafter’s article about Gibraltar for SAGCA.

Moortown Photography

Purchase Kevin Murray’s photography of Moortown Golf Club.

Read More World Ranking
in GB&I

Moortown Golf Club - Videos

historic ryder cup footage at moortown golf club in 1929

drone pass of moortown golf club by creative golf

Featured Architect: MacKenzie, Alister

As taken from his book, Golf Architecture, Alister MacKenzie felt the following were essential: The course, where possible, should be arranged in two loops of nine holes. There should be a large proportion of good two-shot holes and at least four one-shot holes. There should be little walking between...

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At A Glance


Driving Range
Short Game


Alister MacKenzie Collection
Best English Golf Collection
Doak Scale Collection

Contact Details

West Yorkshire, LS17 7DB, England
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